Classic Urdu Novels

Umrao Jaan Ada Novel By  Mirza Hadi Ruswa

Umrao Jaan Ada ( اُمراؤ جان ادا‬ ) is an Urdu classical novel by Mirza Hadi Ruswa (1857–1931). It was first published in 1899. According to many critics, it is the first Urdu novel. It tells the story of a prostitute and poet by the same name who lived in Faizabad in the 19th century.

About Author(Mirza Hadi Ruswa)

Mirza Hadi Ruswa is one of the famous and well-known classic writers of Urdu. Mirza Hadi’s reason for fame is his novel Umrao Jaan Ada. In this pdf novel, he has described the customs and society of Lucknow in the best possible way.

Umrao Jaan Ada Novel Summary & Critical Analysis

Umrao Jaan Ada pdf is a documentary novel. It is considered one of the best Urdu novels. Reflecting on its time, the story shows both the good and the bad aspects of life. This is a social novel that captures the social and cultural history of 18th-century Lucknow in an engaging manner.

Umra jaan adad novel pdf sample page

 Characters In Umrao Jaan Ada Novel

The characters in Umrao Jaan Ada Urdu’s novel are Amiran, Khanam Jan, Dilawar Khan, Khurshid, and Bismillah. In this novel, the main character is Amiran, who becomes Umrao Jaan.

In Umrao Jaan Ada Novel pdf, Amiran, who was sold to Khanam Jan as a child, becomes a prostitute. Its plot consists of events based on curiosity and reality. In it, the character is seen in different forms. Dilawar Khan sells Amiran to Khanam Jan. The whole story is narrated orally by Amaro Jan Ada herself.

This Umrao Jaan Ada novel contains irony, similes, humor, proverbs, imagery, and purposefulness. However, its effects still dominate minds and ideas, and as time passes on, the novel’s popularity, importance, and significance continue to grow.

In Urdu literature, “Amrao Jan Ada” is incomparable, and Hedges makes this novel a classic. This book has an outstanding plot that makes it a complete and memorable work by Hedges.

Sometimes it passes through turbulent times, and sometimes it goes through unpredictable situations. Umaro Jan Ada tells her own life story. When we read this novel, we find that the expression of Mirza Hadi’s disgrace is different. Increases importance.


Umrao Jaan Ada holds a prominent position as a seminal classic in Urdu literature. Published in 1899, it broke new ground as the first Urdu novel, paving the path for modern Urdu fiction. Through his masterful storytelling, Mirza Hadi Ruswa transports readers to 18th century Lucknow, vividly portraying the culture, mannerisms and socio-political milieu of the time.

At the heart of the novel is the literary and musical journey of the eponymous courtesan Umrao Jaan, whose tragic tale is narrated in her own lyrical voice. With its rich tapestry of history, culture and human emotions, Umrao Jaan Ada Novel continues to enthrall generations of readers. Its enduring significance stems not just from being an entertaining story but also from being an insightful document that illuminates a forgotten world. More than a century since its publication, the novel retains its appeal as a true classic of Urdu literature.


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